A Craps Table can be compared to a billiards table, depicting the same basic shape and sunken design. The rails are fairly high, about 6 to 8 inches, so that the Shooter may bounce the dice off the opposite wall - a strict requirement in the game of land-based casino Craps. The rails are padded for the comfort of its players, and one thing most players may not realize is that there is a compartment under this rail where you can place your drink, rather than holding it or attempting to balance it on the padded railing.
Now for the most intriguing aspect of design for all novice players - the betting diagram. The Craps Table has a mirrored diagram of all possible betting options, centered by a Hardway and Craps betting diagram. Some inexperienced players may not understand why the casino would provide a mirrored diagram, essentially putting the same betting options on the Craps table twice, but there is in fact a very good explanation for this. Craps draws a very large number of players, as many as can fit around the table. A player on the opposite end of the table would have a difficult time reaching the most common bets - Pass, Don't Pass, Come bets, Field bets, etc. - without it being present at both ends.
As we just mentioned, each mirrored diagram reveals the most common bets at each end of the table. These are Pass/Don't Pass, Come/Don't Come, Field Bets, Place Bets and the Big 6/Big 8 Bets. Each of these are considered Sequence Bets, because they may stay in play until the expected sum is rolled, or the bet is lost.
In the center of the Craps Table are Single-Roll Bets, also called Proposition Bets. We will call them Single-Roll Bets for this tutorial, as it is less confusing. These are bets that are won or lost in a single roll of the dice. These bets are less commonly placed in Craps, therefore are in the center of the table rather than mirrored for all player to easily access. Single-Roll Bets include Hardway Bets, Any Craps and Any Seven.
Bet Types and Payouts: Sequence Bets
In this section, we will describe for you each type of bet, how it is won/lost, and what the expected payout will be. We'll start with Sequence Bets, since they are the most common.
Pass Line [Pays 1:1]
This is by far the most popular bet at a Craps Table. A Pass Line bet can only be placed on the Shooter Come Out Roll (first roll). If a 7 or 11 is rolled, the bet wins. If a 2, 3 or 12 (any Craps) is rolled, the bet loses. However - here comes the 'sequence' part - if any other number (4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10) is rolled, this number becomes the Point. The Pass Line bet now becomes 'Come' bet, a wager that the Point will be rolled again before a 7. If so, the bet wins; if a 7 rolls first, the bet loses.
Don't Pass [Pays 1:1]
This is exactly the opposite of a Pass Line bet, where a 2, 3 or 12 automatically wins, while a 7 or 11 loses. Any other number becomes the Point, and the Don't Pass bet becomes a 'Don't Come' wager that the Point will not come again before a 7 is rolled. If a 7 comes first, the bet wins; if the Point rolls first, the bet loses.
Buying Odds [Payout Varies]
Once a Point has been established, any bettor who placed a Pass Line bet may Buy Odds. This means the player may bet up to twice as much as the original Pass Line bet that the Point will come again before a 7. If the Point is a 6 or 8, the Payout is 6:5, a Point of 5 or 9 Pays 3:2, a Point of 4 or 10 Pays 2:1.
Laying Odds [Payout Varies]
Again, this is the opposite of Buying Odds. Once a Point has been established, any player with a Don't Pass bet may Lay Odds. The player may wager up to twice the original Don't Pass bet in hopes of the Point not rolling again before a 7. Since this is more likely to occur, the payout is lower. A 6 or 8 Pays 5:6, 5 or 9 Pays 2:3, 4 or 10 Pays 1:2.
Come [Pays 1:1]
This bet may only be placed after the Come Out Roll, once a Point has been established. A Come bet is a wager that the Point will come again before a 7 is rolled.
Don't Come [Pays 1:1]
Opposite of a Come bet, the Don't Come bet is a wager that the established Point will not be rolled again before a 7.
Place Bets [Payout Varies]
A Place Bet is like a Come Bet, expect the Point does not come into play. The bettor may choose any number from 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10, betting that the chosen sum will roll before a 7. 6 or 8 Pays 7:6; 5 or 9 Pays 7:5; 4 or 10 Pays 9:5.
Big 6/Big 8 [Pays 1:1]
A Big 6 or Big 8 Bet is exactly the same as a Place Bet on either of these numbers, except for one huge factor - the Payout! These bets pay only 1:1, where making the same wager on 6 or 8 as a Place Bet Pays 7:6. For this reason, the Big 6 and Big 8 Bets should never be made.
Field Bets [Payout Varies]
A Field Bet is a wager that any one of the following numbers - 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11 or 12 - will be rolled before a 7. A 3, 4, 9 or 10 Pays 1:1; 2 or 11 Pays 2:1; 12 Pays either 2:1 or 3:1, depending on the casino.
Bet Types and Payouts: Single-Roll Bets (Proposition Bets)
In this section, we will describe for you each type of bet, how it is won/lost, and what the expected payout will be (continued).
Any Seven [Pays 4:1]
A bet on Any Seven is a wager that a 7 will roll next, in any combination of numbers (1+6, 2+5, 3+4).
Any Craps [Pays 7:1]
A bet on Any Craps is a wager that any Craps number (2, 3 or 12) will roll next.
Hardway Bets [Payout Varies]
Hardway Bets, as the name implies, are difficult wagers to win at a Craps Table. However, they also present high Payouts. Hardway means that the chosen number will be rolled in a specific combination, or 'the hard way'. For example, a Hardway 8 would be 4+4, Hardway 6 is 3+3, etc. The various Hardway Bets that can be made are listed below with their respective Payouts.
Hardway 2+2 or 5+5 - Pays 7:1Horn Bets [Payout Varies]
Hardway 3+3 or 4+4 - Pays 9:1
Horn Bets are much like Hardway Bets, except that there is only one way to roll them, therefore it's not just the 'hard way', it's the only way! These include 2 (1+1), 3 (1+2), 11 (5+6) and 12 (6+6). The Payouts for Horn Bets are listed below.
1+1 or 6+6 - Pays 30:14-Way Horn Bet [Payout Varies]
1+2 or 5+6 - Pays 15:1
A '4-Way Horn Bet' is a wager on all 4 Horn Bets (1+1, 1+2, 5+6 and 6+6). The bet is divided into 4 with the same Payouts as the respective Horn Bets. For example, a $20 wager would actually be a $5 wager on each possible Horn Bet, following the Horn Bet Payout Table for each winning roll.